Horse suits

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Horse suitsAmong the horse population, there are animals of different colors or, as experts say, of different colors. At exhibitions, fairs, when exchanging and selling horses, heated debates often arise about how to determine the color of a particular individual. Moreover, horses are often called red and even fawn. Such names are not used in horse breeding. It has its own long-established, generally accepted names for the colors, which are useful for horse owners to get acquainted with.

The main colors of horses are considered to be black, bay, red and gray. Various variations and color combinations of these suits form other suits, which can be considered as their derivatives.


Horse suitsThe head, body, limbs, mane and tail of the animal are black in color. Such horses are most often found among Oryol trotters, but they are not uncommon among horses of other breeds (Percherons, Latvian harness horses, etc.). Newborn foals sometimes have blue hair. If black horses have brown hair ends on the body, mane and tail, then the color of such horses is called "black in tan".


Horse suitsThe head and torso are brown in various shades, the mane, tail and limbs from the upper arm and lower leg or from the wrists and hocks are black. In addition to the typical bay horses, there are also dark bay, light bay and golden bay horses. More often found among horses of the Russian trotting, thoroughbred, Kabardian and Vladimir breeds.


Horse suitsTypical for horses of the Don, Budyonnovskaya, Soviet heavy draft, Lithuanian heavy draft and Russian heavy draft breeds. The head, body, limbs, mane and tail of animals of this suit are of the same red color. There are shades: red, light red and golden red. Among the horses of the above breeds, there are animals and brown color. In such individuals, the head, body, limbs are brown, the mane and tail are dark brown with an admixture of black hair.


Horse suitsIt is widespread among the Terek and Arabian horses, as well as among the Oryol trotters. The head, torso and limbs of the animal are covered with a mixture of colored and blond hair; the mane, tail and limbs of the animal may be darker or lighter than the body. The graying process goes on continuously, and the color changes with age. Foals are born with a color approaching a black, bay or red color. With age, they become "gray in apples" or almost white, sometimes with dotted blotches of dark hair. This suit is called "gray buckwheat". In some light gray horses, the hairline has a peculiar metallic sheen - silvery.


Horse suitsThis is a very effective suit. The head, torso, limbs, mane and tail are black, and around the eyes, at the end of the muzzle and in the groins there are brown highlights - tan marks. Occurs among Ukrainian riding horses, thoroughbred racehorses, Latvian harness horses.


Horse suitsIt is inherent in Akhal-Teke horses, Belarusian draft horses, and local Estonian horses. The head and body are sandy yellow (sometimes dark sandy) in color; the mane, tail, and limbs are black or dark; there is often a dark stripe on the back - a belt. There are the following shades of a dun suit: light dun, dark dun and golden dun.


Horse suitsA very elegant suit. The animal body is brown (chocolate-colored) or dark-red (chestnut), the mane and tail are much lighter than the body, smoky or almost white. Individuals are not uncommon among horses of local breeds of the northern forest type, Tori and other breeds.


Horse suitsIt is found infrequently, usually in Akhal-Teke, Belarusian draft horses. The head, torso and limbs are light sand in color of varying intensity, the mane and tail are the same color or lighter than the body.


Horse suitsOn the body of horses of red, black, chestnut and other colors, blond hair is evenly distributed from birth; the head and limbs retain the color of the main suit. Depending on the color of the main background, the following variants of the roan suit are distinguished: red-roan, bay-roan, black-roan. Red-roan horses are quite common among the horses of the Soviet heavy draft breed.


Horse suitsThere are two main options: bay-savrasai and red-savrasai.

The chestnut-savras has the color of the body, like that of a bay horse, but faded; the mane and tail are black, always with an admixture of tufts of light brown stripes. There is a dark “belt” on the back, on the shoulder blades there may be dark spots. Transverse dark stripes on the shoulders and wrists (zebroidism) are common.

In reddish-gray, the color of the body is light red, faded. The mane and tail are composed of unevenly colored hair - red and brown. A dark "belt" runs along the back. There may be dark spots on the shoulder blades and zebroidism on the forearms and wrists. Such horses are found among local breeds: Vyatka, Bashkir, Kazakh, etc.


Horse suitsThe body is ash-colored. The head, mane, tail and limbs below the wrist and hock are darker; a dark "belt" on the back. There may be dark zebra stripes on the forelimbs above the wrists; on the shoulder blades - dark spots. Animals are found among local horses.


Horse suitsA very peculiar suit. In some countries, animals of this color are called rainbow. Large white inborn spots are scattered on the body of horses of red, black, bay, dun and other colors. In this regard, there are variants of piebald color: red-piebald, crow-piebald, bay-piebald, etc. It is found infrequently, mainly in horses of local breeds.


Horse suitsOn a white or light-colored body, small or medium-sized black, brown or red spots are scattered. Often this coloration is not spread over the entire body, but only on the croup. There may be black stripes on a white or light colored body or white light colored stripes on a dark body (brindle). Chubar animals are found among horses of the Altai and other local breeds. Although no clear links have yet been established between the coat color and the working qualities of horses, great importance is attached to the colors and omens of horses in horse breeding. They are considered as objective signs in the individual registration of animals, facilitate the recognition of individual horses in the total mass of the horse population. Horses golden-red, golden-brown, salty, forelock and some other colors are more highly valued at international auctions.

In pedigree horse breeding (at stud farms and farms), the description (specification) of colors and marks is carried out in the following terms: on the third day after the birth of the foal; before weaning him from his mother; when transferring young animals to the production structure; appraisal; when issuing breeding and veterinary certificates.

A. Remizov

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